Traditionally, spine surgery is usually performed as open surgery. This entails opening the operative site with a long incision so the surgeon can view and access the spinal anatomy. However, technology has advanced to the point where more spine conditions can be treated with minimally invasive techniques.
Because minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS), does not involve long incisions, open manipulation of the muscles and tissue surrounding the spine is avoided, therefore, leading to shorter operative time. In general, reducing intraoperative (during surgery) manipulation of soft tissues results in less postoperative pain and a faster recovery.
Whether open surgery or MISS, the spine can be accessed from different directions. These are referred to as surgical approaches and are explained below: Anterior approach: As the name implies, the surgeon accesses the spine from the front of your body, through the abdomen. Posterior approach: An incision is made in your back. Lateral approach: The pathway to your spine is made through your side.
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Spine Surgery Department